First paper of the Hayabusa 2 initial-analysis chemistry team : Yokoyama et al.

The first results obtained by the Hayabusa 2 initial-analysis chemistry team lead by Professors T. Yokoyama and H. Yurimoto are now published in Science. Results shows that the fragments of Ryugu returned by the Hayabusa 2 space mission are close CI-type carbonaceous chondrite meteorites but with less water indicated that this could be a more pristine material than CIs.

Yokoyama T., Nagashima K., Nakai I., Young E. D., …, Piani L., …(140 authors), Shogo Tachibana, Hisayoshi Yurimoto. Science, June 2022. Samples returned from the asteroid Ryugu are similar to Ivuna-type carbonaceous meteorites. DOI : 10.1126/science.abn7850


Carbonaceous meteorites are thought to be fragments of C-type (carbonaceous) asteroids. Samples of the C-type asteroid (162173) Ryugu were retrieved by the Hayabusa2 spacecraft. We measure the mineralogy, bulk chemical and isotopic compositions of Ryugu samples. They are mainly composed of materials similar to carbonaceous chondrite meteorites, particularly the CI (Ivuna-type) group. The samples consist predominantly of minerals formed in aqueous fluid on a parent planetesimal. The primary minerals were altered by fluids at a temperature of 37 ± 10°C, 5.2+0.7/−0.8 million years after formation of the first solids in the Solar System. After aqueous alteration, the Ryugu samples were likely never heated above ~100°C. The samples have a chemical composition that more closely resembles the Sun’s photosphere than other natural samples do.

Ti and Cr isotopes for Ryugu and other Solar System materials.

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